Uses of bamboo in construction
The species with the fastest development speed can grow 1 meter per day, reaching maximum average heights of between 20 and 30 meters (some species can reach heights of up to 38 meters).
Another characteristic of this family of grasses is that throughout their life they produce more oxygen than the hardwood trees that we normally use in the construction sector. This is the main reason, together with its rapid growth, why this material is becoming an indispensable tool for combating global warming over the coming decades, accumulating immense amounts of CO2 in its interior and regenerating the soils in which it is planted.
This geographical location – largely coinciding with the location of what are today called “poor countries” or “developing countries” – is one of the main reasons why the collective subconscious has rejected the use of this material.
Uses of bamboo
The zongón, according to Mexican law, is in danger of extinction, as it is found in small patches in arid and semi-arid areas.
The use of the “tarro” in the Totonacapan is very varied. More than 30 uses have been registered, which vary according to the diameter and length of the culms used. According to the type of use, they have been classified into six categories:
The “tarro” is used in the elaboration of walls for houses, fences to delimit the perimeter of houses, beams for the roof of houses, alfardas, alfajillas or tapes, natural tiles, scaffolding for construction, props to stop the shambles, galleys, rustic bridges and bars for doors.
Used to build corrals for pigs, chicken coops, corn cribs, pallets, sunning areas or tapancos, fences for cattle, arenas for jaripeo, rustic seedbeds and feeding troughs for poultry.
It can be observed that the “tarro” is more used in the construction of rural houses, since this material makes the interior of the houses cool and in this way the heat of the region can be reduced. On the other hand, the “tarro” is a natural material that can be obtained without any cost from the natural environment that surrounds them. But …. It is necessary to be careful, because if sustainable management is not practiced, it could cause the disappearance of this species in the Totonacapan region in the not too distant future.
What is bamboo
– The stability of this material is medium to low, and its resistance to rain, hurricanes or insect attack is also low, so additional measures are required to solve these limitations. The same is true for its fire risk behavior.
– It is capable of capturing amounts of CO2 similar to that of trees, when it forms forests (tropics). It also produces more oxygen than most trees, since it processes carbon dioxide more efficiently.
– It requires minimal water consumption for its growth, and also helps to conserve water sources, as it is able to extract and manage water according to its own biological activity and soil behavior.
In the social housing building in Carabanchel, which corresponds to the images below, it is used as the main raw material for the solar protection elements of the building’s façade, forming its outer skin: