How can agriculture improve sustainability?

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It has been recognized that the development of the agricultural sector will have a significant and weighty impact on domestic food production, food security, reduced dependence on food imports, and overall economic and social well-being. Sir Arthur Lewis’ theory of economic development has a central pillar: “the importance of food supplies in sustained economic growth.” Lewis considered agricultural development as an essential component of growth in the economy. Williams and Smith in their paper Reconsidering Agricultural Development: The Caribbean Challenge stress that: “with so many forces reshaping agriculture and with continued dependence on food imports, there is no doubt that the Caribbean (and by extension the Greater Caribbean) needs to reconsider the approach to agricultural development”.

Accordingly, policies must address actions aimed at: building on the region’s competitive advantage, especially its wealth of natural resources; attracting more investment and increasing the region’s food production and food security; and “calling for a more integrated and comprehensive approach, in which trade policy plays a central role alongside other sectoral, national and regional policies”.

Sustainable agriculture for children

Climate change presents both challenges and opportunities for the food and agriculture sector. Sustainable agriculture is the future, the way to cope with increasing scarcity and accelerated degradation of natural resources.

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It is a type of agriculture that is beneficial to the environment, and is therefore becoming increasingly important in the cultivation of crops. In the specific case of coffee cultivation, it contributes to the conservation of soils without harming the flora and fauna of the forests where the coffee plantations are located.

In view of the great use of chemical products and large quantities of water in world agricultural production, concern began to arise regarding a productive system that endangered existing resources.

Sustainable agriculture, in this definition of the United Nations, implicitly requires a new system of world governance. The objective is to ensure food security and promote local and regional agricultural markets in agricultural policies worldwide. In other words, a change of system and mentality.

Sustainable agriculture

The application of these methods, analyzed by entomologist Jan van der Blom, head of agroecology at the Association of Fruit and Vegetable Producers’ Organizations of Andalusia, in an article published in 2017, tells us a story of sustainable agriculture. One that speaks of environmental, but also social and, above all, economic sustainability.

As long as the world’s population continues to grow (by mid-century it will exceed 9 billion), agricultural production must continue to grow. “The current trajectory of production growth is unsustainable,” FAO maintains. For the UN organization, there are five challenges for the future sustainability of agriculture:

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The three legs of sustainable agriculture – economic, social and environmental – have become a priority. In March 2021, government officials from Argentina and Brazil ratified their alliance to coordinate actions in pursuit of this sustainable development. In the first of these countries, the National Securities Commission has drawn up a guide for social, green and sustainable bonds (SVS), highlighting that the financing of sustainable agriculture may be the future of these bonds, which is evidence of the importance of this agricultural sector.

Disadvantages of sustainable agriculture

The application of these methods, analyzed by entomologist Jan van der Blom, head of agroecology at the Association of Fruit and Vegetable Producers’ Organizations of Andalusia, in an article published in 2017, tells us a story of sustainable agriculture. One that speaks of environmental, but also social and, above all, economic sustainability.

As long as the world’s population continues to grow (by mid-century it will exceed 9 billion), agricultural production must continue to grow. “The current trajectory of production growth is unsustainable,” FAO maintains. For the UN organization, there are five challenges for the future sustainability of agriculture:

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The three legs of sustainable agriculture – economic, social and environmental – have become a priority. In March 2021, government officials from Argentina and Brazil ratified their partnership to coordinate actions in pursuit of this sustainable development. In the first of these countries, the National Securities Commission has drawn up a guide for social, green and sustainable bonds (SVS), highlighting that the financing of sustainable agriculture may be the future of these bonds, which is evidence of the importance of this agricultural sector.