Bible key rings
The fact that it was found near Sheriff Hutton Castle, Richard III’s usual place of residence and that, like the pendant, it bears the images of the patrons of newborns, has led experts to conclude that it may have been a gift intended for a woman close to the king who was about to give birth, as a kind of amulet. It must be taken into account that the mortality rate of women in childbirth was between 40 and 60% in 15th century England.
After unearthing the jewel, the finder showed it to the Richard III Society and it is now being examined by the Yorkshire Museum, whose experts have described the find as “of international significance”.
Archaeologists agree that it must have been an object of worship, a kind of protection for the woman to whom it was given, and that it could have been part of a belt or a bookmark for the Bible. The person who commissioned the piece must have been very rich, as there is no other similar jewel in the world.
What to do with a deteriorated bible
The study of biblical manuscripts is important because handwritten copies of books may contain errors. The science of textual criticism attempts to reconstruct the original text of books, especially those published before the invention of the printing press.
The Aleppo Codex (c. 920 AD) and the Leningrad Codex (c. 1008 AD) are the oldest Hebrew-language manuscripts of the Tanakh. In 1947 the Dead Sea Scrolls were found at Qumran and with that discovery the oldest complete manuscript codices of the Tanakh were dated to a millennium earlier (see Tanakh at Qumran). Prior to this discovery, the oldest extant manuscripts of the Old Testament were in Greek in manuscripts such as Codex Vaticanus and Codex Sinaiticus. Of the approximately 800 manuscripts found at Qumran, 220 are of the Tanakh. All the books of the Tanakh are represented, except the Book of Esther; however, most are fragments. Notably, there are two scrolls of the Book of Isaiah, one complete (1QIsa), and one approximately 75% complete (1QIsb). These manuscripts generally date from between 150 B.C. to A.D. 70.
Model of a bible
Experts are confident that we can protect the planet and live in harmony with nature. Some researchers say that, for the efforts being made to be of any use, changes must be made in different areas and at the same time. Among these changes are the following:
What do you think: Is it realistic to expect governments, businesses and individuals to work together at this unprecedented level, or do you think it is complicated by people’s greed, selfishness and lack of long-term vision? (2 Timothy 3:1-5).
The Bible assures us that the future of our planet is safe. It explains why human initiatives are not enough to save the planet and tells us about the change that is needed to achieve it. It also tells us how that change will come about.
Why human initiatives are not enough to save the planet. Jehovah* created the earth and charged humans with caring for it (Genesis 1:28; 2:15). (Proverbs 20:24) Instead, they refused to follow the Creator’s guidance and obeyed his instructions. But instead, they rejected Jehovah and decided to act on their own (Ecclesiastes 7:29). And, since humans alone are not capable of caring for the planet, any effort they make is no more than a stopgap, i.e., it has limited benefits (Proverbs 21:30; Jeremiah 10:23).
It’s nice to get a bible as a present
September 11 has passed. Pastor Jones did not burn Korans. On occasions like this the same question always arises: what would happen if someone burned Bibles or crucifixes? The question answers itself: nothing would happen. It is the most obvious thing in the world. It has been done a thousand times in the West.
All this means another obvious thing: we are the best. No civilization has reached our level of freedoms. The best proof is that in the essential things people elsewhere aspire to come close to our model. Many – in governments, elites and terrorist gangs – try to prevent this and maintain their quotas of power.
We are so much the best that if someone burns, for example, a Bible, no one burns it as revenge. Members of another religion – the one that follows the Koran – do threaten to do so. They are barbarians, no doubt, but do we have to burn Korans to make them understand our freedoms thousands of kilometers away?
But it doesn’t matter. The law must also be applied in the case of Pastor Jones. He can’t be forbidden anything with the Constitution in hand. He can burn Korans, of course. Is the decision of a private citizen the best way for us to demonstrate that we fear no one and that our freedoms are untouchable? To demonstrate our immense courage we have to put ourselves in the hands of the pastor? We need to be smarter.