Benefits of recycling batteries
It is very important to know how to recycle used batteries, as they are highly polluting elements that are often not recycled correctly. If we stop to think about how many things have batteries, we can get an idea of how many of them we use and generally throw away in our daily lives.
The batteries, batteries, electric accumulators or simply accumulators, are the device that store electric energy using electrochemical procedures and that later return almost in its totality. We generally understand that batteries are a finite source of energy, since they run out and are not rechargeable. Batteries, on the other hand, are usually rechargeable.
These batteries contain heavy metals and chemical compounds, many of which are harmful to the environment. It is very important not to throw them away (in most countries this is not allowed), and to take them to a recycling center. Nowadays, most suppliers and specialized stores also take back spent batteries. Some of the environmentally harmful substances depend on the type of battery used. These are some of them:
Battery recycling in mexico
A battery is a portable generator of electrical energy, which is obtained from the transformation of chemical energy. A battery does not lose its electrical charge except by the physical degradation of its components and this process is irreversible.
A battery stores electrical charge previously produced by a generator, and it loses its electrical charge constantly over time, whether it is used or not. A battery can be recharged as many times as necessary, until its structure is degraded by use.
Third option: The reality is that when the technology to perform these recycling as in the previous two processes is not available, physical-chemical processes are used to reduce the impact and mobility of heavy metals. These techniques include stabilization by the addition of chemical agents that are soluble with the metals, confinement in hermetic containers and encapsulation with cement, followed by vitrification at high temperatures.
Free integral service for the management of used batteries. Supply of Containers, Periodic Collection and Final Recycling through the Collective System of Extended Producer Responsibility: Recyclia-Ecopilas and ERP-European Recycling Platform.
Responsibility in the process of SALE (collection/recycling) of batteries is shared among all the agents that make up the waste management chain: Management Systems, Producers, Manufacturers, Distributors, points of sale, Managers and Citizens. All of them are supervised by the Local Administration, which is responsible for surveillance, inspection, control and penalties in case of non-compliance with the European Directive.
It is a waste, generally urban, which entails being an authorized manager of urban waste considered hazardous. The initial collection is carried out by local or nearby operators who store up to a maximum of 2 tons in an authorized warehouse, then transport is made to a warehouse that is authorized to store more than 2 tons of batteries, and they are stored until they reach a volume that fills a truck with 22 tons of batteries, and in this way the necessary trips are made to a transfer plant or directly to a treatment plant.
Battery recycling plant
One would say that it is necessary to do what the law says, and that is where it gets complicated: as they are of massive consumption and their generation is universal and dispersed, the law 1854 (of Domestic Waste) considers the batteries as a Domestic Waste, therefore it corresponds to each local government to manage their treatment. However, it is admitted that they contain heavy metals, of high toxicity, considered in the law 24.051 (Hazardous Waste), so they should have a special treatment. So batteries are considered ¨Hazardous waste of universal production¨. This means that they are massively produced in homes or businesses but should receive a differentiated treatment. So… Who is responsible for managing this treatment?
Currently there is talk of “Extended Producer Responsibility”, establishing that producers are responsible, not only for generating the least possible impact with the production methods and materials used, but also have to take responsibility for reducing the impact of their products once they become waste.