Sustainable agriculture pdf
Sustainable agriculture seeks to respect natural resources and the people who work the land, while at the same time making the result profitable and reducing hunger in the world, by making a better distribution of resources.
Therefore, it is essential to take advantage of the existing resources, without being abused or overexploited, also reducing the great food waste that exists right now. It is essential to reduce hunger in the world and to make food distribution more equitable.
So that ecosystems are not destroyed through the use of pesticides, there is no overexploitation of land or poor land management, or waste of water used for crops.
In short, to bet on sustainable agriculture is to bet on a fair distribution of food in the world, a better distribution of wealth and the defense of the environment so that all this can continue to happen, generation after generation.
In this sense, taking into account the experience and knowledge of farmers, together with the benefits of sustainable innovation in the field, is the winning combination to achieve the 4 pillars of sustainable agriculture.
Disadvantages of sustainable agriculture
Ecological, organic or biological agriculture is a system of cultivation of an autonomous farm based on the optimal use of natural resources, without the use of synthetic chemicals or genetically modified organisms (GMOs) – neither as fertilizer nor to combat pests – thus achieving organic food while preserving the fertility of the soil and respecting the environment. All this in a sustainable, balanced and maintainable way.[7
Natural agriculture, indigenous agriculture, family agriculture, peasant agriculture, are types of natural agriculture that seek balance with the ecosystem, are sustainable agricultural systems, which have been maintained over time in different regions of the world seeking to meet the demand for natural and nutritious food to people and animals, so that the agroecosystem maintains balance.biodynamic agriculture, and permaculture, share some of its principles and methods, but are more recent.
Sustainable and sustainable agriculture
Sustainable agriculture is an activity whose objective is to promote the health of ecosystems. In addition, it supports the sustainable management of natural resources, protects fertile land and avoids the practice of traditional agriculture.
In view of the above, traditional agriculture and its farming methods are unsustainable. Also, they degrade fertile land and cause negative impacts on the environment. Therefore, this type of agriculture must change to become sustainable agriculture and preserve the planet’s natural resources.
Sustainable agriculture must ensure global food security. At the same time, it should promote healthy ecosystems and support the sustainable management of land, water and natural resources.
Greenpeace also states that organic agriculture is a sustainable, social and environmental agriculture. Therefore, the use of pesticides and GMOs should be prohibited. Unlike industrial agriculture, it is not developed to the detriment of the environment.
Sustainable agriculture for children
The environmental impact of agriculture is the effect that different agricultural practices have on the environment. The environmental impact of agriculture varies according to the methods, techniques and technologies used, and the scale of agricultural production. Agriculture in general impacts soil, water, air, biodiversity, people, plants and their genetic diversity, food quality and habitats.
Agriculture contributes to the increase of greenhouse gases through the release of CO2 related to deforestation, the release of methane from rice cultivation, enteric fermentation in livestock, and the release of nitrous oxide from fertilizer application. All these processes together make up 54% of methane emissions, approximately 80% of nitrous oxide emissions, and almost all carbon dioxide emissions related to land use.  Industrial agriculture is the main contributor of methane and nitrous oxide to the earth’s atmosphere. 3] In addition, industrial agriculture impacts the environment through intensive use of agrochemicals, water pollution and the appearance of dead zones, soil degradation, waste production and genetic pollution.