What are the types of waste?
Generally, the criteria to follow in order to establish the different types would be the effects caused on the environment, risk of contamination, level of toxicity or social and productive sector where they originate.
Practically the total volume of hazardous waste originates in industrial, chemical or infrastructure sectors. Also included are those related to radiation or the emission of electromagnetic waves.
Both ordinary households and SMEs regularly create this type of waste on a daily basis. For this reason, it usually consists of elements such as packaging, cardboard, plastics, glass or textile material.
For this reason, they generally do not cause high levels of toxicity or contamination. At the same time, in these cases, qualified treatments are not necessary for their transport or storage.
There is another type of waste that is common in business, industry and households. They are also known as inert waste, since they do not undergo physical or chemical changes.
Types of hazardous waste
One of the most important types of waste to manage properly is hazardous waste. This type of waste can be recyclable or not. However, what characterizes this type of waste is that it presents a very high risk both for the environment and for the health of people and animals. Because of this, it is waste that must be managed in a special way. In this sense, each type of hazardous waste has an associated management protocol to ensure its correct management and that it does not become a health or environmental hazard. If you want to know more about hazardous waste, its classification, some examples and its management, keep reading EcologíaVerde.
Once we have seen the main classifications of these wastes, we are going to mention some examples in each of their corresponding categories. These are just some of the examples of hazardous waste, but these are very wide and varied:
Types of waste produced by humans
Knowing more about the waste we throw away every day can help us to better understand the subsequent treatment it undergoes in recycling plants. A way to see what is behind what we consider “garbage” and to make us aware of how important it is to recycle for the environment.
But this concept, with the passage of time and the awareness of preserving our planet, has expanded to include other purposes. All due to the scarcity and depletion of raw materials, has generated the need to reuse these wastes, making the most of their properties.
We will now focus on the different types of waste and their characteristics, always defining them from the point of view of sustainability. The following are the types of waste in terms of their hazardousness, origin and composition:
As you have been able to see, this classification is far from simple. It has required a long time of study and research to be able to determine the characteristics that place them in one group or another.
What are the types of solid waste
A management model is based on the different waste fractions collected separately, the combination of collection systems and the subsequent treatments, which must be in accordance with these fractions, guaranteeing the application of the hierarchy principle. Priority must first be given, following this management hierarchy, to prevention activities that will also form part of the product-waste management cycle.
In order to reduce the generation of waste and its toxicity, different actions can be carried out at the various stages from product conception to waste generation and management. It is necessary to encourage eco-responsible production, responsible consumption, responsible use of products and other actions for the reuse of products or preparation for reuse of discarded products.
These main or ordinary collections are complemented by other specific collections of bulky waste, batteries, textiles, oils and others. In addition, more and more municipalities already have clean point services in their various forms (fixed, mobile, neighborhood, etc.).