What are the 4 major types of medical waste?

Infectious waste

Healthcare waste is classified into the groups listed in Decree 21/2015, of March 3, on healthcare waste management in the Autonomous Community of Euskadi, as follows:

They are the waste consisting of single-use materials, clothes, gloves and masks, treatment material stained with blood, secretions or excretions, containers that contain or have contained urine, empty drainage containers, empty bags of blood or other biological liquids, dialysis filters, plasters, and in general any other stained waste or that has absorbed biological liquids, provided that it is not waste included in groups II and III.

These are wastes that either because of their risk of causing infection, or because they present a perceived or psycho-emotional risk, require differentiated management at all stages of management.

Classification of hospital waste 2021

SANUM científico-sanitaria is a digital journal published quarterly, with scientific articles of interest for the development of the different professional healthcare areas. The journal publishes original, unpublished articles, which are evaluated by the editorial and scientific committee.

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SANUM is an Open Access journal. All articles are immediately and permanently accessible for easy reading and downloading. This Open Access process includes self-archiving for authors of published articles for inclusion in repositories.

These wastes in some cases bring with them biological risks for the health. Aware of the prevention of occupational hazards in all its activities, the company carries out measures of prevention, protection and containment of these risks to avoid possible diseases that its workers may contract due to exposure to biological agents. Among them is the management of sanitary waste, which may contain pathogenic agents.

Medical waste examples

Medical or hospital waste is waste generated by healthcare activities. Most of them are potentially contaminated with biological substances or liquids, as they have been used in clinical treatments. This type of waste, which requires special treatment, comes from the following groups:

Group I.- They are waste assimilable to urban waste, not specific to the healthcare activity itself, including: paper, cardboard, packaging, office waste and leftovers from canteens, gardens. They are collected in black bags that can be deposited in urban waste containers.

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However, provided that the protection of health and the environment is guaranteed, the maximum storage time for special waste (group III) may be extended at the following sites:

except for the case of special waste (group III) letter d) Needles and sharp and/or cutting material, in which the maximum storage time may be extended to 6 months, in the previous centers and under the same terms and conditions.

Hospital waste pdf

In order to guarantee your safety, well-being and that of all the people who come to the Hospital, it is very important that you collaborate with the proper classification of the waste generated in our Institution. Remember that proper waste separation protects the environment, your health and your quality of life will benefit directly.

Waste should be deposited taking into account the characteristics of these and the color of the container that corresponds to each waste. In the Hospital you will find different colored bins that should be used as follows:

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Only ordinary or common waste should be deposited in this container, such as: disposable cups, toilet paper, napkins, plasticized paper packaging, wrapping paper, sweeping residues, icopor packaging and non-contaminated food remains (including food remains of hospitalized patients who are not in isolation).