What are the 4 types of hazardous waste?

Classification of hospital hazardous waste

One of the most important types of waste to manage properly is hazardous waste. This type of waste can be recyclable or not. However, what characterizes this type of waste is that it presents a very high risk both for the environment and for the health of people and animals. Because of this, it is waste that must be managed in a special way. In this sense, each type of hazardous waste has an associated management protocol to ensure its correct management and that it does not become a health or environmental hazard. If you want to know more about hazardous waste, its classification, some examples and its management, keep reading EcologíaVerde.

Once we have seen the main classifications of these wastes, we are going to mention some examples in each of their corresponding categories. These are just some of the examples of hazardous waste, but these are very wide and varied:

Hazardous waste classification

In fact, companies are known to make many mistakes in the management of all types of industrial waste.  One of them is the management of waste under the same method, without considering the appropriate segmentations.

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Generally, they are the result of processing activities. Especially, this type of waste must be disposed of carefully, as the chemical compounds can react when exposed to certain temperatures, other substances or materials.

These types of industrial wastes put human life at risk because they are composed of various highly harmful materials. What do we mean by this?  They are capable of causing death and also genetic defects in the birth of living beings.

In addition to these consequences, toxic wastes are recognized as those capable of contaminating entire ecosystems. For example, rivers, lakes, seas and other bodies of water.  Proper management is necessary to avoid the worst consequences.

Hazardous and non-hazardous waste

According to the Registry of Hazardous Waste Generators (PGRP) of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT), between 2004 and 2014 the 93,355 registered companies generated 2.19 million tons(Mt) of RP. It is important to take into account that this figure does not correspond to the total volume of PR generated in the country during that period, basically due to the fact that this register does not include all the companies that produce them in the country.

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The Secretariat of Sustainability (SS) through the Directorate of Environmental Management and Operational Safety (DGASO) promotes the implementation of the program for the proper management and disposal of hazardous waste generated by university departments on all campuses, with the objective of complying with current environmental regulations, this program consists of classifying, storing, managing the transportation and final disposal of waste with companies authorized by federal entities such as SEMARNAT and the Secretariat of Communications and Transportation (SCT).

Hazardous corrosive wastes examples

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Until a few decades ago, waste that is today classified as hazardous was part of industrial, hospital and even household waste. These were deposited in unauthorized places such as landfills, riverbanks, wetlands or simply dumped in water or disposed of in municipal landfills together with household solid waste. There are many known events that, as a result of these bad practices, have caused damage to the population and human health, for example, the accumulation of lead salts in the north of Chile, in nearby areas, have caused neurological problems in children, leukemia and teratogenic effects in the adult population.

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