What are the 4 types of waste management?

Classification of solid waste pdf

Integrated Waste Management or simply Waste Management is the process that encompasses the activities necessary to take care of a waste, as a material that loses its usefulness after having fulfilled its mission or service for which it was produced. In other words, the concept of waste is used as a synonym for garbage, i.e., it is all waste of that which man has produced.[1] There are different types of solid waste, such as solid waste, solid residues, and solid residues that can be used in the production of waste.

There are different types of solid waste, such as those generated in cities (domestic, residential, institutional or commercial), agricultural or industrial (productive sectors, industries, industrial parks, sanitary facilities, etc.).[1] The main waste is produced by human activity.

Hazardous waste is considered to be industrial or commercial waste that, because of its toxic or dangerous characteristics due to a high concentration of risk, requires specific treatment and periodic monitoring of potential harmful effects.

The first step towards an organized management of municipal solid waste was taken in the United States at the beginning of the 20th century. 2] Up to that time, and depending on the location, waste was dumped on the ground – buried or in the open air -, discharged into bodies of water, incinerated or, in the case of food waste, fed to pigs.

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Hazardous Waste

Knowing more about this waste that we throw away every day can help us to better understand what further treatment it undergoes at recycling plants. A way to see what is behind what we consider “garbage” and make us aware of how important it is to recycle for the environment.

But this concept, with the passage of time and the awareness of preserving our planet, has expanded to include other purposes. All due to the scarcity and depletion of raw materials, has generated the need to reuse these wastes, making the most of their properties.

We will now focus on the different types of waste and their characteristics, always defining them from the point of view of sustainability. The following are the types of waste in terms of their hazardousness, origin and composition:

As you have been able to see, this classification is far from simple. It has required a long time of study and research to be able to determine the characteristics that place them in one group or another.

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Waste management examples

Population growth, overconsumption and a production culture that favors the disposable over the returnable, have transformed garbage into one of the main environmental and pollution problems. A change of perspective from the concept of garbage to that of classifiable and reusable waste can help us to minimize the problem.

In general terms, we speak of garbage or waste to identify those leftover materials that apparently cannot be used again. The term waste, on the other hand, is used to identify those materials that can have value in themselves when reused or recycled.

Waste management pdf

A management model is based on the different waste fractions collected separately, the combination of collection systems and subsequent treatments, which must be in accordance with these fractions, guaranteeing the application of the hierarchy principle. Priority must first be given, following this management hierarchy, to prevention activities that will also form part of the product-waste management cycle.

In order to reduce the generation of waste and its toxicity, different actions can be carried out at the various stages from product conception to waste generation and management. It is necessary to encourage eco-responsible production, responsible consumption, responsible use of products and other actions for the reuse of products or preparation for reuse of discarded products.

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These main or ordinary collections are complemented by other specific collections of bulky waste, batteries, textiles, oils and others. In addition, more and more municipalities already have clean point services in their various forms (fixed, mobile, neighborhood, etc.).