What are the arguments against renewable energy?

Advantages and disadvantages of renewable energies wikipedia

The plants offer constant electricity at competitive prices, guarantee supply, curb polluting emissions and reduce dependence on the outside world. These are the arguments of the defenders of nuclear power.

Costs, safety, waste and military proliferation. Four weak points that weigh too heavily in the opinion of their detractors. If it is possible to resort to others – it represents 3% of the energy consumption of humanity and 33% in Europe – why take risks? These are their arguments.

Advantages and disadvantages of renewable energy pdf

Renewable energies reduce the price of electricity. Indeed, by its nature, renewable energy enters the market that sets the price of electricity at zero cost. This is because wind or solar energy cannot be stored, so a producer does not find any benefit in not feeding the energy produced in a certain period of time into the grid, regardless of the remuneration he will obtain. It is necessary to recall very briefly how the market that sets the price of electricity works, and I will do so with an illustrative example:

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I will illustrate what that toll represents with a new example: imagine that a citizen decides to buy an electric vehicle. It will have advantages for the owner, since he will stop buying gasoline, and it will also have benefits for the country, since it will stop emitting greenhouse gases due to the unburned gasoline and the country will not have to import that gasoline that it will not consume. But there are also disadvantages: the oil company that supplied the fuel will not charge the profit margin it obtained from the gasoline that the new and brand new owner will stop acquiring. Well, the backup toll is a tax that the owner of the electric vehicle will have to pay for the gasoline he stopped buying! Just like that.

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But the truth is that since the beginning of time, humans have modified the planet’s landscape to adapt it to their needs. Extensive agriculture, cities, factories, swamps, highways, electricity pylons, etc.  The world is constantly changing in the name of civilization and progress. And not only has the face of the planet changed, its health has also changed for the worse, a direct consequence of this progress.

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Another argument highlighted by Rolwind is the recent trend of combining renewable energy production plants with typically rural activities, such as beekeeping or grazing. A harmonization that benefits both parties, since the livestock get fresh grass to feed on and at the same time the vegetation is maintained so that it does not interfere with energy production. The key is precisely to seek balance, harmony. Trying not to damage the natural heritage but also not obstructing the path of energy transition, now that so much progress has been made.

Disadvantages of non-renewable energies

The reform gives planning criteria, guidelines and other regulatory instruments a key role in the regulation of the sector. The reform creates figures such as the “legacy power plant”: one that is owned by the State and its construction is independent of its financing modality.

In Article 4 of the law, which provides that the generation and commercialization of electricity are subject to a free competition regime, the first section was modified to condition “when technically feasible” open access to the national transmission network and to the general distribution networks.

Adrián Magallanes and Edmond Grieger, specialists in the matter and partners of the Mexican law firm Von Wobeser y Sierra, S.C., comment that it is most likely that more lawsuits will continue to be filed, since the term of 30 business days to challenge the reform expires on April 26, 2021.

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The lawyers point out that the district judges have granted the provisional and definitive suspension of the reform to the Electricity Industry Law, for which reason such law has not entered into force and will not be applied until such suspensions are revoked or the amparo suits are resolved in a negative sense.