What is anthropogenic aspects of environment?

Environmental impact

Articles Anthropogenic effects caused by water users in the Pixquiac river micro-basin María del Socorro Menchaca Dávila1§ and Elba Lupita Alvarado Michi1 1Centro de Ciencias de la Tierra. Universidad Veracruzana. Francisco J. Moreno 207, colonia Emiliano Zapata, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico. POSTAL CODE 91090. Tel. 01 228 8185019 and 8421700. Ext. 12689. (elbalupit@hotmail.com). §Author for correspondence: maria.menchaca@gmail.com.     * Received: March 2011

Environmental aspect

Soil, water, oceans, forests, atmosphere and species are threatened by human activity and with them the well-being of people. Aware that the planet could be “irreparably mutilated”, in November 1992, the Union of Concerned Scientists issued a warning to humanity, signed by 1,700 scientists, to try to reverse the anthropogenic effects on nine aspects of the environment.

“It will soon be too late to change course on our failed trajectory,” stress the authors, who end their document with an optimistic message if we face environmental challenges together. “We can make great progress for the sake of humanity and the planet on which we depend,” they conclude.

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Environmental impact examples

When we talk about pollution, we tend to look up, but this problem does not only affect our skies. Soils, which are home to fruit and vegetable crops, also suffer the consequences and their effects reach us through, for example, the aforementioned foodstuffs. It is time to take care of the earth beneath our feet!

CAUSES AND TYPES OF SOIL CONTAMINATIONPhenomena such as erosion, loss of organic carbon, salinization, compaction, acidification and chemical pollution are the main causes of soil deterioration today. Among the most common anthropogenic causes of soil contamination, FAO highlights industry, mining, military activities, waste management (including technological waste) and wastewater, agriculture, livestock and the construction of urban and transport infrastructures.

Environmental impact summary

Environmental impact,[1] also known as anthropogenic impact or anthropogenic impact, is the alteration or modification caused by a human action on the environment.[2][3] Because all human actions have an impact on the environment in some way, an environmental impact is differentiated from a simple effect on the environment through an assessment to determine whether the action carried out (for example, a project) is capable of changing environmental quality and thus justifies the designation of environmental impact.

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To better understand the difference that exists in cataloging the repercussion of a human action, of environmental effect or impact, it is necessary to have a little more clarity on the terms environment and environment.[4] The terms environment and environmental impact are used in the following paragraphs.

Generally, environment, environment and environment are used interchangeably as synonyms, but different meanings can be distinguished: environment is the element in which a person, animal or thing lives; environment can be defined as the set of biotic and abiotic factors on organisms and ecological communities, determining their form and development; and environment can be said to be the set of physical conditions that surround living beings. Although each discipline uses its own definition and even the legislations of different countries delimit the terms in different ways,[5][6] For example, in classical ecology the environment is defined as: “…the set of physical and chemical factors that surround living beings. Factors that are referred to as biotic and abiotic.”[7] While in the branch of Environmental Management, the environment has a more anthropocentric connotation stating that it is: the vital environment in which a system operates (whether human or natural systems), and which is constituted by the set of physical, chemical, biological, economic, socio-cultural and aesthetic circumstances, determining the characteristics in the way of life of individuals and populations, through the continuous interaction of its parts.[8]

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