What is ecological damage?

Types of environmental damage

Generally when talking about environmental impact, it is analyzed in terms of negative effects, because it degrades the ecological balance. Unfortunately, this occurs very frequently, hence the concern of the scientific community and international organizations about the consequences. However, there are also consequences in positive terms and this occurs when there are events that reestablish the environmental balance.

In general terms, there is an increase in the scarcity of natural resources due to their depletion. This brings with it an increase in their price due to their growing demand. Here are some examples.

Environmental damage pdf

If you are preparing for your UNAM exam, surely you have already checked that different topics related to nature will appear. That is why we prepared this blog to help you study the causes and consequences of environmental degradation.

As we mentioned a moment ago, environmental degradation is one of the most serious problems currently facing society and planet Earth. For this reason it is an important topic for the UNAM exam and for you to know all the implications of this.

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Large industries have increased emissions of carbon dioxide, toxic gases and other pollutants that flow into the air, water and soil of our planet. Other actions that cause environmental pollution are the burning of garbage, the excessive use of aerosols, the contamination of seas, rivers and lakes, as well as the disposal of toxic materials on land.

In addition, the companies responsible for these effects are generally not subject to strict government regulations, which generates large quantities of pollutants as the needs of an ever-growing world population increase.

Environmental damage legal definition

Environmental law, as part of the third generation of human rights, has a cross-cutting nature.    This implies that its values, principles and norms, contained both in international instruments and in the internal legislation of the different States, come to nourish and impregnate the whole legal system of each one of them.

Its scale of values has come to necessarily influence all the branches and institutes of the Legal Sciences.    Real Rights, Agrarian Law, Criminal Law, Urban Law, Procedural Law and even Intellectual Property Law have not escaped such a trail of influence.

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In the same way, classic institutes of Law such as property, possession, usufruct, easements, civil liability and even, as will be analyzed in this essay, prescription, have been affected in such a way by environmental axiology, that today nobody would doubt the existence of the environmental function of property, of the institute of environmental possession, of a new type of easements called environmental and of course, environmental civil liability.

What is environmental damage according to the general environmental law?

However, they have also caused immense challenges. One of the most important has been and continues to be the care and conservation of the planet on which we live, since the levels of industrialization and development of our societies have become, paradoxically, a latent threat. And what can we do about it?  For families with sons and daughters, this is a recurring question, as they share the concern for the kind of planet they will bequeath to them.

The challenge for everyone, including institutions, organizations and governments, is how to make development levels compatible with the sustainability of environments. What is at stake is nothing less than our well-being. Is that not enough?

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And in parts of the planet, such as Burkina Faso, there are families suffering the consequences of an erratic climate. Now, the rainy and dry seasons are different. The rainy season is shorter but the water falls with much greater intensity. On the other hand, the dry season has become longer. This negatively affects their home gardens. Their farmland suffers, their harvests are scarce and they do not have enough food until the next harvest.