What is human and animal waste called?

Animal waste examples

Animal wastes are all organic substances from animal husbandry or slaughtering, including livestock excrement and urine, by-products from the meat and dairy industry and wastes from fish farms and land-based aquaculture. Animal wastes from meat processing include hair, blood, feathers, hides, skins, bones, hides, beaks, fat and liquids. These wastes can contain organic matter and pathogenic microorganisms and give off odors. They can also be a source of bacteria and nitrates, which are contaminants of drinking water and cause human illness.

Farmers often use animal waste as fertilizer and apply it to the soil. If applied too much or improperly, they can contaminate lakes, streams and groundwater sources and harm human health.

What is animal waste?

Travelers have in their hands the power to protect animals in another way as well: by being very aware that the waste and garbage left behind after a day at the beach can end the lives of many living beings and make their habitat a place full of dangers.

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Both when we are traveling and in our daily lives, the first step is to reduce the consumption of plastic bags and replace them with biodegradable bags. Likewise, we should get used to reusing containers, reject products wrapped in unnecessary plastic packaging and, above all, always pick up the waste we may find on our visits to beaches and other natural environments.

Inorganic waste

Organic wastes are all elements that are wastes or residues of animal and/or vegetable origin. These wastes have the capacity to degrade rapidly, transforming into another type of organic matter.

In Chile, organic waste is of domestic, commercial or industrial origin.    Organic waste is the most generated and the least managed. It represents about 50% of municipal solid waste and is mainly disposed of in landfills.    This has a strong environmental impact: the generation of greenhouse gases and the production of leachates.

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Organic waste has a strong environmental impact and can pollute the atmosphere, soil and water (surface and groundwater). This is due to its high content of unstable and immature organic matter.    Also mineral elements, recalcitrant organic compounds, heavy metals, phytotoxins, plant and animal pathogens, among others, which are highly polluting.

Animal waste

Health care waste is classified into the groups listed in Decree 21/2015, of March 3, on health care waste management in the Autonomous Community of Euskadi, as follows:

They are the waste consisting of single-use materials, clothes, gloves and masks, treatment material stained with blood, secretions or excretions, containers that contain or have contained urine, empty drainage containers, empty bags of blood or other biological liquids, dialysis filters, plasters, and in general any other stained waste or that has absorbed biological liquids, provided that it is not waste included in groups II and III.

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These are wastes that either because of their risk of causing infection, or because they present a perceived or psycho-emotional risk, require differentiated management at all stages of management.