What is worlds largest potential source of biomass energy?

Biomass plants in the world

At present, seven of the ten largest biomass plants are in Finland, which has an installed capacity of 1,100 MW, a figure that shows the importance of this type of renewable energy for the Nordic country.

The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates that 10% of the energy generated worldwide comes from biomass-related resources, including biofuels and biogas.

Developing countries, mainly located in Asia, Africa and Latin America, account for one third of energy consumption from these alternative sources. Biomass is thus the main source of energy for around 2 billion people.

Interestingly, the plant with the largest capacity, up to 740 MW, is a former coal-fired power plant that was converted as a biomass plant in 2013. It is owned by the British company E.ON, and, in it, wood pellets are used for power generation.

The second largest power plant in Finland and the third largest in the world, it is located in Oulu and has an installed capacity of 210 MW of electrical power and 340 MW of thermal power. It uses peat as fuel to generate electricity.

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Plantas de biomasa en Colombia

Akella, A. K., Saini, R. P., & Sharma, M. P. (2009). Social, economical and environmental impacts of renewable energy systems. Renewable Energy, 34(2), 390-396. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2008.05.002

Álvarez-chávez, C. R., Edwards, S., Moure-eraso, R., & Geiser, K. (2012). Sostenibilidad de los plásticos de base biológica : análisis comparativo general y recomendaciones de mejora. Journal of Cleaner Production, 23(1), 47-56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2011.10.003

Arteaga-Pérez, L. E., Vega, M., Rodríguez, L. C., Flores, M., Zaror, C. A., & Casas Ledón, Y. (2015). Evaluación del ciclo de vida de la electricidad basada en carbón y biomasa en Chile: Enfoque en el uso de madera cruda vs torrefacta. Energy for Sustainable Development, 29, 81-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2015.10.004

Berndes, G., Hoogwijk, M., & Van Den Broek, R. (2003). The contribution of biomass in the future global energy supply: A review of 17 studies. Biomass and Bioenergy, 25(1), 1-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(02)00185-X

Black, M. J., Sadhukhan, J., Day, K., Drage, G., & Murphy, R. J. (2016). Desarrollo de criterios de bases de datos para la evaluación de las cadenas de suministro de biomasa para el desarrollo de biorrefinerías. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 107, 253-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2015.10.046

Biomass in the world pdf

Currently (2009), biomass provides complementary fuels to fossil fuels, helping the growth of world consumption (and its corresponding environmental impacts), especially in the transportation sector.[1] This fact contributes to the already extensive human appropriation of the total product of photosynthesis on the planet, which currently exceeds more than half of the total (Naredo and Valero, 1999), an appropriation in which we compete with the rest of the animal and plant species.

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There are several ways of classifying the different fuels that can be obtained from biomass. Perhaps the most relevant is by the production process required before the fuel is ready for use.

There are thermochemical processes that, by means of exothermic reactions, transform part of the chemical energy of the biomass into thermal energy. These methods include combustion and pyrolysis. The thermal energy obtained can be used for heating; for industrial use, such as steam generation; or to transform it into other types of energy, such as electrical energy or mechanical energy.

Ironbridge (UK). biomass energy.

With less than a week to go until the start of COP21, governments around the world are preparing to reach an international agreement on climate change. Progress is becoming increasingly evident. More than 140 countries, including most of Latin America and the Caribbean, have submitted their respective Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). These action plans allow governments to communicate internationally the climate actions that will take place after 2020. One of the conclusions so far: clean energy will be key to reducing emissions for all governments, including the world’s largest carbon emitters.  With this in mind, it is important to remember the benefits of an underutilized renewable energy technology: sustainable biomass sources.

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