Plastic is a recyclable material used not only for domestic applications but also in construction. Plastic coatings are used as a vapor barrier over insulation, and some plastics are used to cover windows. Plastic does not dissolve if placed in water, but when other chemicals such as acetone are involved, it takes only a few minutes to dissolve and does not harm the environment.
Place a large beaker on a flat surface. Spread paper towels under the jar on the table in case there are spills in the dissolving process. Open a bottle of acetone and fill the jar almost half full.
Place pieces of plastic on the jar, being careful that your skin does not come in contact with the acetone. To place the plastic in the acetone, grab it with a pair of tweezers, if necessary.
Turn the plastic upside down if it does not fit in the beaker and wait while it dissolves in the acetone. Watch as the plastic slowly breaks down and becomes a very sticky mass.
Move the goo around with the tweezers and shake until all the plastic has dissolved in the acetone.
Leave the jar of acetone overnight in the open air, out of reach of animals and children. Let it dissolve overnight, and throw the layer off the bottom of the jar the next day.
Acetone melts plastic
If you were to put acetone on plastic, it is possible that it would eat through the plastic material. This depends mainly on the type of plastic you put it on, as some are stronger than others. Acetone is best not placed on plastic containers because of the risk of it breaking the container and leaking.
Acetone is a natural organic compound that is created in the human body during metabolic processes in which fat is broken down into energy. It is also manufactured and used as a solvent, commonly used in paint thinners, epoxy removers, and nail polish removers. Because of its corrosive nature, you should not put acetone on plastics or other substances that may be sensitive to its effects.
It is important to use acetone with care as it is highly flammable, and its vapors are heavy and travel easily from room to room. If these vapors come in contact with any open flame or spark, it can cause an explosion or fire. For this reason, acetone should not be used near fireplaces and other hazardous areas. It is also best not to use acetone on surfaces that are made of plastic, as this could lead to leaks and potential hazards if the substance travels to an area with an open flame.
Aside from its flammability, acetone also has a strong odor and can cause fumes to build up when used in an enclosed area. Use only in a well-ventilated room or outdoors when possible. Keeping a fan on during use can also be beneficial, but only when using a brushless fan, as other varieties can create small sparks that could cause a fire or explosion when run too close to the acetone.
There are certain situations where putting acetone on plastic or plastic containers will not hurt. Certain grades of plastic, such as polypropylene, are designed to resist corrosive substances, so using acetone with these will not cause any reaction. You can find out which plastics may be safe by checking the bottom of any plastic item or container for a symbol and the number five. This symbol is usually the circular arrows used on recycling garbage cans and recyclable products.
Mexicans find how to disintegrate PET in 24 hours
Researchers from the Institute of Applied Chemistry of the University of Papaloapan (Unpaid), Oaxaca, developed a method that degrades PET waste in less than 24 hours, which would help reduce environmental pollution.
The acronym “PET” stands for Polyethylene Terephthalate, a type of transparent plastic used mainly in beverage containers, especially in water bottles and textiles.
The chemical process developed by the specialists uses an ethylene glycol and potassium hydroxide to destroy the polymeric chains that form PET, and the time it takes to disintegrate will depend on thermal conditions.
In an interview with the Agencia Informativa del Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (Conacyt), Conde assured that the side effects are less aggressive compared to those used in the industry, and it is also done in a controlled environment.
Unlike traditional hydrolysis, which releases toxic substances into the environment, the new process reduces temperature environments while using chemical elements of lower toxicity, and the method can be used to recycle PET.