Which type of farming is sustainable?

Sustainable agriculture projects

Ecological, organic or biological agriculture[1] is a system of cultivation of an autonomous farm based on the optimal use of natural resources, without the use of synthetic chemicals or genetically modified organisms (GMOs) – neither as fertilizer nor to combat pests – thus achieving organic food while preserving the fertility of the soil and respecting the environment. All this in a sustainable, balanced and maintainable way.[2][3][4][4][4][4][5][6][7][8][8][9

Natural agriculture, indigenous agriculture, family agriculture, peasant agriculture, are types of natural agriculture that seek balance with the ecosystem, are sustainable agricultural systems, which have been maintained over time in different regions of the world seeking to meet the demand for natural and nutritious food to people and animals, so that the agroecosystem maintains balance.biodynamic agriculture, and permaculture, share some of its principles and methods, but are more recent.

What is sustainable agriculture?

More than 20% of greenhouse gases come from conventional agricultural production. This fact shows the need to find a profitable, social and environmentally friendly model.

Who has not found themselves at least once in front of the fruit and vegetable shelves of supermarkets, where signs and labels announced a section dedicated exclusively to organic products, and when they saw the prices, they preferred to look away?

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Organic products are easily recognized by the corresponding seal and this, somehow, makes the buyer think that what he is buying has been produced from sustainable and natural processes, without chemicals or fertilizers. Therefore, when looking at the price, the consumer understands that getting food to follow its own natural cycle inevitably means a little more money in his pocket, although he does not always choose to put it in the shopping cart, perhaps with a bit of remorse for not being able to contribute, for example, to curb climate change.

Sustainable agriculture examples

In order to understand more clearly the subject under discussion, it is necessary to start from the knowledge of some particularities inherent to agriculture that are not present in other sectors, such as the following: The existence of a mechanism for the production and reproduction of living organisms: in essence, the final objective in this case is a living organism, which implies a differentiated treatment in terms of transportation and storage.

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The coincidence of economic reproduction with natural reproduction: unlike other sectors such as the industrial sector, here organisms can reproduce and develop on their own, which means that economic reproduction can be accommodated to the conditions it achieves.

The stationary cyclical nature of agricultural work in this case the work coincides with the life cycle of the crops. The process cannot be carried out by a program alien to the crop as this will have a great economic implication on its results. The influence of the climate plays a determining role.

Types of sustainable agriculture

Sustainable agriculture is an activity whose objective is to promote the health of ecosystems. In addition, it supports the sustainable management of natural resources, protects fertile land and avoids the practice of traditional agriculture.

Considering the above, traditional agriculture and its farming methods are unsustainable. Also, they degrade fertile land and cause negative impacts on the environment. Therefore, this type of agriculture must change to become sustainable agriculture and preserve the planet’s natural resources.

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Sustainable agriculture must ensure global food security. At the same time, it should promote healthy ecosystems and support the sustainable management of land, water and natural resources.

Greenpeace also states that organic agriculture is a sustainable, social and environmental agriculture. Therefore, the use of pesticides and GMOs should be prohibited. Unlike industrial agriculture, it is not developed to the detriment of the environment.