WHO has declared the human geography is human ecology?

What is ecological

Considered the father of geography and ecology, he was the first to speak of man-made climate change, deforestation and other concepts that are so current today. On his 250th birthday, Germany and the American countries he visited between 1799 and 1804 evoke his legacy as a precursor of environmentalism.

Both are a historical vindication of the lost stage of a journey through American lands that laid the foundations of concepts so basic today, but then so unassailable, as geography, ecology, ecosystem or even climate change.

The Guayaquil of the time, a city of some 12,000 inhabitants within the Viceroyalty of New Granada, was where the Prussian researcher synthesized his Geography of Plants scheme, in which he stratified by heights everything he had found about the flora, fauna and mineral world, along with other components such as temperature, pressure and water currents, explains to Efe the Ecuadorian historian Melvin Hoyos.

What are the branches of ecology and their definition?

Human Ecology studies human life and activity in the ecosystems that our species occupies at present and in those that it has occupied in the past. It focuses on the biocultural interaction of man with his environment and explains why culture is the main environmental factor capable of modifying the physical and biological environments of ecosystems, of modulating the expression of the biological processes of the species that coexist in them, including our own, and of conditioning their future trends.

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It is the product of the biological evolution that characterizes us as a species, the result of the functional expression of our brain, capable of conceptualizing, originating and storing complex behaviors. Culture thus encompasses the set of patterns of social behavior that are transmitted from generation to generation by learning, rooted in the traditional value systems of each population, determining individual and collective behaviors, expressed through conceptual or material creations, such as class and gender relations, or the construction and use of tools and technological innovations and artistic expressions, which differ in space and are transformed over time.


Ecology evolved from the natural history of the ancient Greek philosophers, such as Hippocrates, Aristotle, and Theophrastus, who laid the foundations of ecology in their studies of natural history. The later foundations for modern ecology were laid in the early work of plant and animal physiologists. Evolutionary concepts of adaptation and natural selection became cornerstones of modern ecological theory, transforming it into a more rigorous science in the 19th century. It is closely related to evolutionary biology, genetics and ethology. Understanding how biodiversity affects ecological function is an important area of focus in ecological studies.

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Haeckel originally understood ecology as the science that studies the relationships of living things to their environment, but later extended this definition to the study of the characteristics of the environment, which also includes the transport of matter and energy, and their transformation by biological communities.

La ecología y el medio ambiente

En este artículo describimos el surgimiento y desarrollo de una nueva generación de estudios en ecología política conocida como ecología política posthumanista. A partir de una amplia revisión bibliográfica, rastreamos sus principales influencias, sus temas centrales de análisis y las ventajas que aporta para entender nuestra relación con el medio ambiente, en un momento en el que es cada vez más difícil distinguir entre los ámbitos social y natural. La ecología política posthumanista se sirve de conceptos como la ontología relacional, una agencia más que humana y la performatividad para superar las definiciones limitadas de lo humano y asignar grados variables de agencia a lo no humano. El desarrollo de metodologías adecuadas es un reto importante en este ámbito, pero hay que tener en cuenta que no se trata de mejorar nuestras representaciones de lo no humano, sino de experimentar el entorno de nuevas maneras. La ecología política posthumanista nos ofrece nuevas formas de pensar y explorar nuestros encuentros con lo no humano y, al mismo tiempo, de reflexionar sobre lo que significa ser humano hoy.

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