Kit for welding plastics
When we talk about plastics colloquially, we are actually referring to thermoplastics, so called because they can melt and change shape, since their molecular chain structure is open. The most popular are polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyethylene (PE), high-density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET). For example, HDPE is present in tanks, bottles or reservoirs, while PVC and LDPE are common in furniture, toys and packaging.
To weld plastic at home we will need a hot air welder, a device that applies a stream of hot air to a welding rod that is inserted into a nozzle. After preheating the soldering iron, we will remove the first layer of plastic to make the grip more secure. Then the two parts to be welded are fixed and the rod is inserted into the nozzle while the tip of the gun slides over the area to be fused. When the area cools, it is sanded again and the process is completed.
Plastic Welding Workshop
If you are connecting Schedule 40 or Schedule 80 CPVC pipe to steel pipe, for example, you need to weld the steel pipe to a steel flange, while you need to use solvent to weld the CPVC to a CPVC flange and then bolt the two systems together.
If the system pressure you need is less demanding, you can use threaded adapters. When using this type of connector, it is recommended that the pressure rating of CPVC pipe be reduced to 50%. In addition, these fittings are more vulnerable to bending stresses.
A transition fitting made with bronze is an example of a threaded fitting. In this case, the CPVC end of the adapter is solvent cemented to the CPVC pipe, while the bronze end is threaded to the other material.
Certain types of threaded adapters are effective for joining plastics to metals, but directly threading a thermoplastic to metal is not recommended. Because metals are stiffer than plastics, the metal can stretch the CPVC beyond its limit during threading and strip the plastic threads.
How to weld motorcycle plastic
One of the reasons for opting for this pipe joining procedure is that it makes the use of glues or fittings unnecessary. Because of that, there are no alterations in the chemical properties of the pipe network. This is especially important when very acidic or alkaline substances are to be evacuated, because only a few materials can be safely tolerated.
When pipe fusion welding is to be carried out, it is vital that the pipe sections are properly aligned. To facilitate these tasks, other tools such as support rollers can be used which also help to reduce the tensile force. In addition, it should be verified that there are no problems with regard to the ovalization of the pipes. These two factors should not cause a misalignment of more than 10%.
The boundaries of the pipes to be welded must have a perfectly straight cut. It is necessary to comply with this requirement to ensure that the pipe installation work by thermofusion is adequate.
How to weld plastic at home
ASTM / ASME SB 564 UNS 2. 2 mil (NICKEL 200), UNS 4400 (MONEL 400), UNS 8825 INCONEL (825), UNS 6600 (Inconel 600), UNS 6601 (Inconel 601), UNS 6625 (Inconel 625), UNS 10276 (HASTELLOY C 276) ASTM / ASME SB 160 UNS 2201 (NICKEL 201) ASTM / ASME SB 472 UNS 8020 (alloy 20/20 CB 3)
ASTM / ASME SB 336 UNS 2.2 mil (NICKEL 200), UNS 2201 (NICKEL 201), UNS 4400 (MONEL 400), UNS 8020 (alloy 20/20 CB 3), UNS 8825 INCONEL (825), UNS 6600 (Inconel 600) , UNS 6601 (Inconel 601), UNS 6625 (Inconel 625), UNS 10276 (HASTELLOY C 276)