Garbage City: Impact and Management of Solid Waste – PIGA
There are several ways of classifying waste: by nature (dry and wet), by chemical composition (organic and inorganic matter), etc. In Brazil, the classification adopted is regulated by NBR 10004 – Classification of Solid Waste, which follows the criterion of potential risks to the environment.
In order to reverse the problems caused by improper disposal, it is necessary to start encouraging the education of the population, as well as the appropriate punishment of those who break the law and put the health of the population and the environment at risk.
This type of waste requires special treatment and its proper management is the first step for companies to contribute to a healthier environment. Therefore, hazardous waste must not only be stored separately, but must also be transported in different vehicles, which must have an identification plate and receive a specific and adequate final disposal.
European e-waste ends up in one of the world’s largest landfills.
In an attempt to answer these questions, in this article, we explain how privatization and incineration together constitute a case of waste commodification and vertical integration of the management system that threatens waste pickers with an unjust socio-metabolic reconfiguration of (formal or informal) waste management.
The second section is a brief summary of the history, with a brief explanation of the diagnosis and official prognosis of the waste crisis in Delhi. The third section focuses on the informal recycling sector, explaining its functioning and importance. The fourth section presents and discusses vertical integration with privatization and waste-to-energy. The fifth section draws some conclusions about the consequences of the described processes for waste pickers and their strategies of resistance.
Urban India today is a far cry from the desire of Patrick Geddes, the Scottish urban planner, who on August 31, 1928 wrote from Calcutta to a young man who was to be a pioneer of urban ecology in New York, Lewis Mumford (Martinez-Alier, 2005). In his Report for Indore, Patrick Geddes proposed to replace the “all to the sewer” principle (if there was a sewer) with the “all to the soil” principle. This was one of the main points of ecological urban planning, thinking then of the organic fraction of urban waste but not yet of the avalanche of plastics, metals and paper produced by today’s cities. Shiv Visvanathan has argued that today’s Gandhi would not be so exclusively focused on the virtues of rural villages:
Grupo Rica and several entities support sustainable management of
9,633 professional visitors29% more visitors than in the previous edition311 international exhibitorsexhibitors from 23 countrieswww.ifat-india.comRegistro for ExhibitorsVisitor Registration
For Bhupinder Singh, CEO of Indian subsidiary Messe Muenchen India, the New Delhi location is of strategic importance: “In Mumbai, we succeeded in firmly anchoring IFAT India in the industry and positioning it as the leading industry center in India. With IFAT Delhi, we are now targeting trade visitors from northern India and particularly policymakers who play an important role in the expansion of environmental infrastructure.”
Water and wastewater, waste and recycling, air pollution control: the central themes of the new environmental technology fair are tailored to the challenges of northern India. There is a great need for action: with around 16 million inhabitants, New Delhi is dependent on regular water supplies from neighboring states, and they themselves suffer from water shortages.
The five islands of plastic that stain the ocean and no one can find them.
Pinky Sonawane, a waste collector, spent her childhood collecting garbage on the streets of Pune, India. Together with her mother, she collected plastic bottles, cans and cartons from roadside garbage dumps and sold them. That city of 4 million people had no organized waste collection system, so there was too much waste on the streets, overflowing the containers and piling up in huge dumps. However, Sonawane and other waste collectors were treated by the inhabitants as if they were the garbage.
Today, Pune is culturally different, city dwellers are beginning to de-stigmatize garbage collection, and the gap in service delivery by municipalities has also begun to narrow.
Garbage collectors like Sonawane wear a green vest and identification. They push carts through the streets to collect garbage door-to-door, instead of collecting it from dumpsites and avenue garbage cans. Residents and city officials consider them service providers, pay them for their work, and treat them with respect, as the garbage on the streets no longer reaches critical proportions as it once did. About 80 percent of Pune’s residents receive garbage collection services at their doorsteps, including many in slums that were previously unserved.