Amnesty international madrid
Since Kathryn Bigelow announced that she was working on a film about the capture and death of Osama Bin Laden, the scrutiny has not stopped. The controversy sparked by a group of senators this week, critical of the Oscar-winning director’s film because of the torture scenes, is not new. Already in 2011 a major mess was generated in the Republican camp when it became known that Bigelow and her closest collaborator, screenwriter Mark Boal, had had access to Pentagon documents on the operation in Pakistan, where Bin Laden’s hideout was located.
At the time, conservatives claimed that the collaboration between Bigelow and Obama hid dark electoral intentions, in an attempt by the US president to win votes for the general elections, which he ended up winning. Now, two Democratic senators, Dianne Feinstein and Carl Levin, and one Republican, John McCain, say the film is inaccurate and unfair to the war on terrorism waged by the United States after the 9/11 attacks.
Human Rights Watch began in 1978 with the creation of Helsinki Watch, whose purpose was to assist citizens’ groups formed throughout the Soviet bloc to verify government compliance with the 1975 Helsinki Accords. As the organization grew, Watch Committees were created to cover other regions of the world. In 1988, the organization formally adopted the name Human Rights Watch. Robert L. Bernstein was the organization’s president and is one of the original founders, as well as Jeri Laber, among others.
An adherent of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Human Rights Watch opposes violations of basic human rights, including capital punishment and discrimination based on sexual orientation. Human Rights Watch defends freedoms in relation to fundamental human rights, such as freedom of religion and freedom of the press.
The current executive director of Human Rights Watch is Kenneth Roth, who has held this position since 1993. Roth is a graduate of Yale and Brown Universities. His father fled Nazi Germany in 1938. Roth began working on human rights after the declaration of martial law in Poland in 1981, and subsequently became involved in issues in Haiti. He has also been involved in human rights work in the U.S. and Canada.
Amnistía Internacional. “Nowhere to go” Desalojos forzosos en los campos de desplazados de Haití. Londres: Amnistía Internacional, 2013, en línea: https://doc.es.amnesty.org/cgi-bin/ai/BRSCGI/AMR3600113?CMD=VEROBJ&MLKOB=32403723232.
Mansuri, Ghazala y Rao, Vijayendra. ¿Se puede inducir la participación? Algunas pruebas de los países en desarrollo. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 2013, vol. 16 (2): 284-302. https://doi.org/10.1080/13698230.2012.757918
Moreno, Laura. De los campamentos a los barrios: Puerto Príncipe después del terremoto. Madrid: Ciudades en disputa, 2013, en línea: http://contested-cities.net/CCmadrid/haiti-de-los-campamentos-a-los-barrios.
Oficina del Enviado Especial para Haití. ¿Ha cambiado la ayuda? Channelling assitence to Haiti before and after the earthquake, 2011, en línea: http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/has_aid_changed_en.pdf.
ONU-Hábitat. A situational analysis of metropolitan Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Strategic citywide spatial planning, Programa de las Naciones Unidas para los Asentamientos Humanos. Washington: Programa de las Naciones Unidas para los Asentamientos Humanos, 2010, en línea: http://www.unhabitat.org/pmss/listItemDetails.aspx?publicationID=3021.
Current conflicts united arab emirates
Considered a world reference in the field, Callamard gained notoriety when, as UN special rapporteur, she led the investigation into the 2018 murder of Jamal Khashoggi. The Saudi journalist was brutally murdered (and dismembered) in his country’s consulate in Istanbul. Callamard’s report concluded that Khashoggi was the victim of an extrajudicial killing, for which the Saudi Arabian government was responsible and in which the crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman, was involved.
As UN special rapporteur, she led the investigation into the murder of Jamal Khashoggi, in 2018Because of this, she came to be threatened by Saudi officials at the UN itself. However, few things daunt this courageous, approachable and rigorous woman, who begins a new stage in an organization where she had already worked, in the late 1990s. Since then, things have changed rapidly and, as she explains in this interview, the world is at a crossroads.