Why it is important to reduce the use of plastic
As can be seen, this type of instrument modifies the preferences of plastic bag users on a permanent basis, as has been shown by various behavioral economics studies. – They reveal environmental costs Through environmental taxes, polluting agents incorporate the social price into the private price, revealing environmental costs. For this reason, social costs do not end up being subsidized by third parties or society as a whole, but are internalized in the price and incorporated into the market dynamics. – They generate dynamic efficiency By being flexible and allowing the choice of subjects, taxes promote innovation i.e., the increase in production costs provides an incentive both for the development of new innovations and for the adoption of these innovations yes, environmental pricing through taxes allows consumers and businesses to determine the best way to reduce their “environmental footprint” (OECD, 2011, pp. 17).
There is a lot of talk in the news and on social media about plastic and the environment. Everyone knows about plastic because it’s in their everyday lives in things like beverage bottles and food packaging, but many people don’t really understand what plastic is. There are many types of plastics and to understand how we can deal with plastic and its interactions with the environment it is necessary to research its history and origin.
Today there are thousands of types of plastics. PET is one of the most common plastics in the consumer world and is being used in many, many products, such as beverage and milk bottles and also in some types of packaging. Here you can see the main types of plastics and their applications:
It is important that we know more about plastic products to understand the real impact of plastics in the world. They are very diverse materials, which cause very diverse impacts on the environment. It is necessary to avoid buying disposable plastics as much as possible, especially polystyrene, a type of plastic that is difficult to recover and recycle.
Arguments against the use of plastic
Plastic is a material made up of organic or synthetic compounds that have the property of being malleable and therefore can be molded into solid objects of various shapes. This property gives plastics a wide variety of applications. Its name derives from plasticity, a property of materials, which refers to the ability to deform without breaking.
In 1839 Goodyear in the United States and Hancock in England developed in parallel the vulcanization of rubber, i.e. the hardening of rubber and its increased resistance to cold. This was the beginning of the commercial success of thermosetting polymers.
The plastics industry begins with the development of the first thermoset plastics by Baekeland in 1909. Baekeland produces the first synthetic polymer and also develops the plastic molding process, which enabled him to produce various articles of commerce. These early plastics were named Bakelite in honor of their discoverer. Bakelite is formed by a condensation reaction of phenol with formaldehyde. Baekeland’s first synthetic polymer is called bakelite.
What is plastic
As a result, all marine species, from plankton and mollusks to birds, turtles and mammals, face risks of poisoning, behavioral disorders, starvation and suffocation. Corals, mangroves and seagrasses are also suffocated by plastic debris that prevents them from receiving oxygen and light.
“Risks to human health and well-being arise from the burning of plastic waste, ingestion of seafood contaminated with the plastic, exposure to pathogenic bacteria carried in it, and leaching (the separation by solvent of the soluble parts from the insoluble) of substances of concern into coastal waters,” the report states.
“Millions of tons of plastic waste are lost in the environment, or sometimes shipped thousands of miles of kilometers to destinations where it is usually burned or dumped. The estimated annual loss of plastic waste value from plastic packaging waste during sorting and processing alone is $80 billion to $120 billion,” it adds.