How do you spell plastic bag?

Plastic bottle in English

By now, you’ve probably heard dozens of times that plastic bags are one of the biggest causes of pollution on the planet… However, you probably didn’t know that their inventor’s goal was to help the environment. It’s a bit of a shock, isn’t it? If you allow us, in the following lines, we will explain how such a good idea has ended up generating one of the greatest ecological disasters in history.

Originally, plastic bags were created as an alternative to paper bags, since the massive felling of trees involved was extremely harmful to the environment. The author of this invention was the Swedish engineer Sten Gustaf Thulin, who in 1959 found that his bags were considerably stronger than paper bags. This meant that, in principle, they could be used again and again.

How to say bag in English

In Mexico City, new reforms to the Law of Solid Waste that prohibit the commercialization, distribution and delivery of disposable plastic bags go into effect today. “The most important thing for us is to have a better city and a better planet, in that logic we will do everything in our hands. We are betting everything and we are very happy because we believe that this January 1 we are going to set an example to the world, which is not expected from Mexico City,” said Andrée Lilian Guigue Pérez, General Director of Environmental Impact Assessment and Regulation of the Secretariat of the Environment (Sedema) of the capital, Andrée Lilian Guigue Pérez.

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Guigue Perez recalled that Mexico City generates around 13,000 tons of garbage daily, of which 8,600 tons are sent to landfills and only 1,900 tons are recycled. In view of these figures, the General Director of Environmental Impact Assessment and Regulation said that they held meetings and encounters with industry representatives to address this problem and possible solutions, which led to this ban.

How to say cardboard box in English

Another type of plastic bag can be a bag where highly hygroscopic foods, such as flour, cookies or pasta, are packaged, which is a polypropylene lamination that allows them to be protected from moisture.

There are plastic bags that contain liquids, whether beverages, milk, or products such as mayonnaise, jams, syrups for soft drinks, fresh fruit juice, wine, liquid egg, sauces for food service, etc., with bag-in-box technology.

There are special plastic bags for cooking food inside, called boil-in-bag, which are used to package raw or semi-cooked food, such as milk to make cheese, ham, mortadella or rice.

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In general, the manufacturing process of a plastic bag includes the extrusion of the resin, either by blowing method or by means of a die; printing can be by the flexo or rotogravure method (also rotogravure); there can be a varnishing or lamination process with another layer of plastic, and finally the welding or sealing process by means of heat and pressure. The hidden energy of 1000 polyethylene bags amounts to only 509 MJ which makes it have a very low manufacturing cost.[3] It is a large industry worldwide that allows food preservation and transportation, brand recognition, consumer protection from pirate brands or companies without references, contamination from external agents, preservation of nutritional and organoleptic qualities of food, etc.

Actions producing plastic waste

This Community Directive requires Member States to take measures to reduce in a sustained manner, on their territory, the consumption of lightweight plastic carrier bags. To this end, it provides Member States with several options, including the establishment of national reduction targets, the introduction of economic instruments and, where appropriate, restrictions on their marketing, provided that these restrictions are proportionate and non-discriminatory. It also establishes that these measures may vary depending on the environmental impact of lightweight plastic bags when they are recovered or discarded, their compostable properties, their durability or their specific intended use.

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Subsequently, the State Program for Waste Prevention 2014-2020, approved by Agreement of the Council of Ministers on December 13, 2013, includes the priority area of packaging in which some specific measures related to the reduction of plastic bag consumption are mentioned. Likewise, the State Framework Plan for Waste Management 2016-2022, approved by Agreement of the Council of Ministers on November 6, 2015, in its chapter on packaging and packaging waste, also includes information and objectives on plastic bags.