What is the importance of ecology today?
At the 1972 United Nations Conference on the Environment in Stockholm, world leaders drew up an environmental program to promote the interaction of urban systems with nature.
These figures show the need to recover the link between nature and the inhabitants of large cities. And urban ecology is a set of practices and studies oriented in that direction.
It is not necessary to be an expert in environmental issues to apply urban ecology. In fact, anyone can do it if they incorporate a series of actions to their routine. Here are some suggestions that you can put into practice today:
Responsible consumption of resources such as water and energy are essential for the conservation of the environment. You can contribute to this by installing energy-saving light bulbs or moderate-flow faucets in your home. Remember that urban ecology is also concerned about the impact on reservoirs.
Examples of integral ecology
This level of ecological organization is the most primary, where the basic units to be studied by ecology can be found. The organisms that comprise this level are independent of each other at the physiological level, even if there are more than one individual of the same species, as examples of the levels of ecological organization, in the case of the first level that studies only the individuals or organisms, we give as examples that we can find a hummingbird (Trochilidae) or a poplar (Populus). At this level, we try to study or understand the relationships that individuals have with the environment in which they live, since the environmental conditions are not always the same and, sometimes, are not the most favorable. The morphology, physiology and behavior of individuals are also studied. To learn more about individuals, you can read these other articles on What are unicellular and multicellular living beings with examples and The difference between autotrophic and heterotrophic organisms.
Examples of human ecology
We could easily continue talking about the branches of ecology throughout this article, since there are even fields of study or disciplines that some authors define as branches of this area of biology. However, we wanted to share with you the most important ones and, above all, those that are mainly relevant to life on Earth.
Do you know of any other branch of ecology that you think should be added? If so, share it in the comments and briefly explain what it is about so that we can continue to expand our knowledge about ecology and its interactions with the environment.
Types of ecology
Ecosystem simply means ‘ecological systems’. Ecology is defined as the study of ecosystems. Ecologists study the interaction of all organisms in an ecosystem. The study includes complex interactions between thousands of plants and animals to the role of microbes living beneath the soil and the effects of the rainforest on the Earth’s atmosphere.
Ecology is a science (branch of Biology) that studies living things; and their interactions with the environment where they live. It is a word derived from Greek, where “oikos” means house and “logos” means study.
Ecology is a branch of biology concerned with understanding how organisms relate to each other and to their environment. This branch of biology is primarily concerned with the relationships between organisms, their relationships with each other, their relationships towards shared resources, their relationships with the space they share, and even their relationships with non-living aspects of the environment.