History of the Internet
Since 2005, World Internet Day has been celebrated every May 17 with the aim of raising awareness of the possibilities offered by new information technologies to improve our standard of living.
The Internet has become an essential invention in our daily lives. That is why we tell you some facts and curiosities about its role and importance, from its birth to its passage through ARPANET and CERN.
Since 1969, May 17 has been dedicated to World Telecommunications Day to commemorate the signing of the first International Telegraph Convention in 1865, so it was decided to combine the two celebrations on the same date to highlight the importance of ICT in our society, in which technologies are creating new ways of working and relating to each other.
A technology as complex as the Internet was the product of the work of different scientists, programmers and engineers whose innovations and discoveries merged to become the Internet as we know it.
Charles a. cheever
In 1958 the United States founded the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) through the Department of Defense. ARPA consisted of about 200 top scientists and had a large budget. ARPA focused on creating direct communications between computers in order to communicate between different research bases. In 1962, ARPA created a computer research program under the direction of John Licklider, a scientist at MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology). By 1967, enough work had been done for ARPA to publish a plan to create a computer network called ARPANET. ARPANET brought together the best work of the teams at MIT, the Natinonal Physics Laboratory (UK) and the Rand Corporation. The network grew and in 1971 ARPANET had 23 connected points.
Taking into account that we are constantly talking about the novelties and improvements that digital marketing and technology bring us, we think it is a good time to dedicate a post to what today seems essential to us already: the Internet. Today we will discuss the history of the Internet, starting by taking into account that it was born, at the time, as a military project to ensure communications between different parts of the United States in case of a major attack but, fortunately, it was never used in this situation and today it is a fundamental tool for many of us that has changed the way we act, communicate and work.
First of all, let’s put it in context. To begin the history of the Internet, we go back to 1947 when the Cold War began, a confrontation that started at the end of World War II. As you know, it was a conflict caused by the tension between the Western-capitalist bloc led by the United States and the Eastern-communist bloc led by the Soviet Union.
Who created the Internet woman
In 1968, the Pentagon ordered ARPA to create the ARPAnet, a network that would link several nodes in the form of a network. By December 1969, the first four university nodes had been connected: the University of California at LA, its headquarters in Santa Barbara, the University of Utah and Stanford:
But the real breakthrough came with the TCP/IP protocol in 1982. Incidentally, we are still using this protocol, albeit with notable improvements. Both the Internet and CERN’s networks adopted TCP/IP, although CERN was isolated on an intranet until 1989. And then something magical happened.
In 1989 the CERN network merged with the old ARPAnet, while the Réseaux IP Européens (RIPE) was taking shape in Amsterdam. The personal computer was already a reality in many homes, and remember that Windows began to be marketed in 1985. The pieces were on the board.
Ocean cables soon connected Australia, the Atlantic islands and began to link the southern hemisphere with new lines of their own. Ever since Field’s first Atlantic cable was laid in 1858, the North Atlantic had been the must-have information passageway. The Internet was growing in all directions.