Sustainable practices in agriculture
From a development point of view, environmental sustainability refers to preserving biodiversity without having to give up economic and social progress (Oxfam Intermón, n.d.a). Its advantages are:
Locate your refrigerator in a place that allows air circulation and is not in contact with sunlight, use the washing machine full in cold wash cycles, keep the door closed when you are using the oven and dry your clothes in the open air; with this you will avoid using electric dryers, saving 480 kWh annually (Greenpeace, 2019).
You should also constantly check the condition of taps and pipes to avoid waste and install a water-saving system in your toilets (inserting a bottle of water in the cistern will suffice) (Oxfam Intermón, n.d.b).
You can cook your food in electric ovens that consume this clean energy! Also try installing a 1kW wind turbine in your home to generate electricity from wind (ECOintelligence, 2013).
Examples of social sustainability
Although they may be very similar terms, they should not be confused. Sustainable development seeks to achieve sustainability or sustainability, which is an objective of this type of development. Thus, this development aims to achieve an improvement in the environment and the quality of life of people without endangering the livelihood for the survival of future generations and the planet itself. Sustainability in ecology is known as the process by which species in biological systems are in balance with the resources of the environment they inhabit.
The objectives of sustainable development are included in the 2030 Agenda, approved by the United Nations. This document includes a series of measures through which to guarantee objectives such as:
Sustainable development has three fundamental pillars that, in a way, group the previous objectives. These pillars are economic, social and environmental sustainability or environmental protection.Economic sustainabilityOn the economic level, the idea is promoted that economic growth should take place in a way that is consistent with natural resources, without overloading the capacities of nature. It also seeks an equitable investment and distribution of economic resources, eliminating poverty and promoting equality.Social sustainabilityIn this area, the objective is to implement the idea of equality where every citizen is able to access a good quality of life. This can be achieved by promoting education and health policies, raising awareness among the population so that they participate in the processes employed in the sustainable development of the resources of the cities and countries in which they live, or employing policies that promote peace.Environmental sustainabilityThe basic idea is that the resources offered by nature are not inexhaustible, so they must be a good that must be protected and rationed. Some examples of measures that can be taken to achieve this are the use of sustainable agriculture and rural development policies, the use of renewable energies, water saving, recycling, control of deforestation and sustainable mobility.
Examples of sustainable development in mexico
Through the study of seven successful experiences of sustainable and resilient production in Latin America and the Caribbean, it is shown that there are options that allow for a transformation of agriculture in the region, that do not affect productivity or profitability, and that, on the contrary, in many cases expand opportunities for economic and social development.
“Now more than ever, it is essential to take advantage of the investments required for reconstruction after the pandemic to make progress in the fight against climate change and in reducing the environmental footprint of agriculture,” said FAO Regional Representative Julio Berdegué.
In Ecuador, a climate-smart livestock project implemented on more than 800 farms enabled 1,056 farmers to increase their milk production, increase their income and improve soil quality on 40,000 hectares. The project avoided the emission of 24,000 tons of greenhouse gases through techniques such as rotational grazing and pasture compost production. In addition, the farmers learned to produce their own feed, and also applied digital tools to monitor their GHG emissions.
Responsible consumption is a way of producing and consuming goods or services according to our real needs, opting for options that favor sustainability, environmental conservation and social equity. It seeks to promote the efficient use of resources, avoid pollution and improve people’s quality of life through conscious consumption.
Since we are a consumer society and we cannot stop consuming, let’s do it in a sustainable way. We must all make efficient use of natural resources and manage waste in an environmentally friendly way.
Be conscious of what you need. Compulsive consumption is harmful. Don’t buy out of inertia. What do excessively cheap products hide? Buying has consequences. It is like a vote. Take control and choose only products or services with social and environmental attributes. Choose consumption alternatives with positive impacts.
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